E-Learning Unit


*** An overview of quiz question types

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For: StaffApplication: QMplus , QuizzesTagged: quiz

Quizzes on QMplus allow teachers to create online tests with a variety of questions types, such as multiple choice, short answer, fill in the blank, true/false, etc. At the time of writing, there are over 20 question types available.

In order to set up a quiz in QMplus, you must first create the quiz activity ‘shell’ – this is the area where the questions will be added. The shell has various settings, such as timings (how long will it be available and how long students will have to take the quiz once started), security (any passwords or restrictions enabled to access the quiz), number of attempts (how many times can the participant take the quiz) etc. For more information on creating a quiz shell, please refer to the ‘How to Create & Manage a Quiz‘ guide.

This guide covers:

The following core question types are available in QMplus

  1. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
  2. True / False
  3. Embedded answers (Cloze)
  4. Numerical
  5. Short Answer

This guide assumes that:

In order to add a quiz question, you will first need to add a quiz activity ‘shell’. Please refer to the ‘How to Create & Manage a Quiz‘ guide.

Once you have added the Quiz activity to the QMplus course area:

  1. From the Editing Quiz page, click on ‘Edit Quiz’ from the quiz administration settings on the left.
  2. Click Add > A new question
  3. Select the question type you would like to add from the list of options, then click ‘Add’



1. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

This is one of the most common question types. You can create single-answer and multiple-answer questions, include pictures, sound or other media in the question or answer and weight individual answers.

Single-answer questions

These questions allow one and only one answer to be chosen by providing radio buttons next to QP038-image004the answers. You will specify non-negative marks for each answer, usually zero marks for wrong answers, maximum marks (100%) for correct answers and partial marks for partially correct answers.

Multiple-answer questions

You can select “multiple answers are allowed” in a Multiple Choice question type. “Multiple answers”
QP038-image005 questions types in a quiz allow one or more answers to be chosen by providing check boxes next to the answers. Each answer may carry a positive or negative grade, so that choosing ALL the options will not necessarily result in good grade. If the total grade is negative then the total grade for this question will be zero.


2. True / False questions

In this Question Type, a student is given only two choices for an answer in this kind of question: True or False. The question content can include an image or html code. It is effectively the same as the Multiple Choice question type in a Lesson, but with only 2 responses.

Penalty factor
The ‘penalty factor’ only applies when a question is used in a quiz using adaptive mode – i.e. where the student is allowed multiple attempts at a question even within the same attempt at the quiz. If the penalty factor is more than 0, then the student will lose that proportion of the maximum grade upon each successive attempt. For example, if the default question grade is 10, and the penalty factor is 20%, then each successive attempt after the first one will incur a penalty of 20% of 10 = 2 points.


3. Embedded Answers (Cloze) questions

Embedded answers (Cloze) questions consist of a passage of text that has various answers embedded within it, including multiple choice, short answers and numerical answers.

This is the code to use to create multiple choice questions in the Text Editor
{1:MULTICHOICE:Wrong answer#Feedback~ wrong answer#Feedback~=Correct answer#feedback}

This is the code to use to create a gap in your text for an answer to be typed in:

You can read more details about this question type on our other guide: Embedded answer crib sheet or on the Moodle docs: Embedded Answers (Cloze) question type


4. Numerical questions

From the student perspective, a numerical question looks just like a short-answer question. The difference is that numerical questions can only be answered using numbers. The answers are allowed to have an accepted error as well. This allows a fixed range of answers to be evaluated as one answer.
For example, if the answer is 30 with an accepted error of 5, then any number between 25 and 35 will be accepted as correct.
You can even set multiple answers to these questions to assess multiple levels of accuracy. That lets you create questions like “What is a root of x2-3x+2 ?” and award different levels of credit depending on the accuracy of the answer.

Units (Advanced Technique)
You are also able to select options to make sure the student enters numerical answers including units. You can even award or penalize them based on the unit they enter. The numerical answer and the unit are kept separate, and this question type can also be configured in such a way that the student has to pick the correct unit to go with their answer from a list of radio button


5. Short Answer questions

In a short answer question, the student types in a word or phrase in response to a question (that may include a image). The answer could be a word or a phrase, but it must match one of your acceptable answers exactly (may or may not be case-sensitive). It’s a good idea to keep the required answer as short as possible to avoid missing a correct answer that’s phrased differently.

You can choose whether the answers are case-sensitive. Case sensitivity can be tricky where capitalization is important. Will you accept ‘Shakespeare’ as well as ‘shakespeare’ as an answer?

Wildcard Usage (Advanced Technique)
You can use the asterisk character (*) as a wildcard to match any series of characters. For example, use ran*ing to match any word or phrase starting with ran and ending with ing.
If you want one question with the two answers fuel and oxygen, you ought to be able to limit the number of variants by writing fuel*oxygen 100%. This would accept “fuel oxygen“, “fuel, oxygen“, “fuel; oxygen“, “fuel and oxygen“, “fuel & oxygen” “fuel oxygen“, “fuel and oxygen” “fuel&&oxygen“.
It would even accept “fuel or oxygen“, “fuel but not oxygen” “fuel|oxygen” which might not be so good but you can never be completely safe.


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Produced by the the E-Learning Unit at Queen Mary University of London.

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